F64 is a photographic group founded in San Francisco. The term f/64 referred to the smallest aperture setting on a large format camera. The aim was to secured maximum depth of field and rendering photograph evenly sharp from foreground to background. Their styles characterized by sharp-focused on and carefully framed images seen through a particularly Western viewpoint.
Carleton Watkins (1829–1916) was an American photographer of the 19th century. Born in New York, he moved to California and quickly became interested in photography. He focused mainly on landscape photography, and Yosemite Valley was a favorite subject of his. His photographs of the valley significantly influenced the United States Congress’ decision to preserve it as a National Park. He documented the rise of SF at19th Century. He doesn’t regard himself as an artist but an artisan. He has influenced f/64 a lot.
Imogen Cunningham at that time was the most experienced member and enjoyed an established reputation.
Willard Van Dyke gives his home at Berkley to talk about founding the group.
People that knows a little bit of art history may think Van Dyke is the most famous member, but this is another Van Dyke and he is not famous because of the beard.
Edward Henry Weston was a 20th-century American photographer. He has been called “one of the most innovative and influential American photographers… and “one of the masters of 20th century photography.” He was the first photographer that got Guggenheim Fellowship.
Ansel Easton Adams (SF!) was an American photographer and environmentalist. His black and white landscape photographs of the American West, especially Yosemite National Park. I believe that he inherits the spirit of Watkins.He developed the Zone System as a way to determine proper exposure and adjust the contrast of the final print. The resulting clarity and depth characterized his photographs.
Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction, featuring the mixture of “lowlife and high -tech”, and the fear of the development of technology, unlike Steampunk (I will also write about this in future).
Tokyo and Hong Kong are the most popular city in reality for Cyberpunk fans to recreate. Tokyo is a city with top-class advanced technology in many areas, due to their large population, even the little branches of needs has people to study and fulfil. Therefore both of the robot, automatic and automobile industries in Japan are well developed. Also, they will never face the situation of lacking talented architects, Tokyo has many skyscrapers and buildings in avant-garde shapes. On the other hand, Japanese citizens also cherish their traditions, they kept ancient temples, palaces and even restaurants with generations of great reputations.
Ghost in the Shell(1995)
The reason that Hong Kong became popular in Cyberpunk is because it has some similar features with Tokyo, like neon lights, the combination of modern building and ancient styles, but most importantly, is because of the most unique slum in the world: kowloon walled city.
Cyberpunk is such a exhilarating topic to research, therefore I will also post some new founds that can be great references .
As one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement, the President of the former Yugoslavia opposed any form of “colonialism, imperialism and neo-colonialism” in that year, so naturally he would not submit to the expansion of the Stalin regime of the Soviet Union. As a result, the relationship broke down. It was not until 1955 that the former Yugoslavia and Khrushchew were involved. After the reform, the Soviet Union resumed normal diplomatic relations. After the Hungarian Incident in 1956, the relations between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia deteriorated once again.
In this political game, from Yugoslavia’s many symbolic monuments of socialism, it is not difficult to see Yugoslavia’s struggle and efforts to get rid of Soviet aesthetics. A relatively unique abstraction and barbarism made it a certain distance from the Soviet aesthetics of the same period.
There are some meaningful sculptures in the are of the former Yugoslavia.